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Cigarette smoking has remained the main behavioural factor in premature death due to NCDs worldwide for many years. WHO reports that at least 8.1 million people around the world die from this cause every year. Including over a million second-hand smokers.
It seems that the commonly adopted ‘end game’ policy does not bring the expected result, most countries applying it very strictly have kept their statistics at a level of several to twenty percent of the smoking population. More and more countries are therefore looking for other solutions, the dominant ones being the combination of primary prevention with legislative and fiscal tools for primary prevention, early detection of cigarette-related diseases in early screening, and finally with harm reduction and prevention of severe complications. These countries are currently leaders in the effective fight against smoking addiction, and Sweden has recently been recognized as a ‘smoke-free country’ (less than 5% of the population smokes).
In addition to full, multi-stage and successively introduced prevention, effective anti-cigarette policy requires financial planning, for example due to the necessary changes in excise duty and value added tax, but also, at least initially, it needs significant expenditure on the development of a national programme for the prevention of cigarette smoking and of all diseases related to this risk factor.
This webinar, from the perspective of several countries, will present the assumptions of comprehensive, multi-stage prevention and will try to identify the basic factors of effectiveness at each level.

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